Sweden is emerging as a hub for global players in the hydrogen and fuel cell systems.

Companies such as PowercellMyFC, Impact Coatings, AquaGas, and AP&T are all pursuing different parts of the fuel cell value chain.

Now there is a new effort to rethink one of the world’s most energy intensive industrial processes: steel making.

Hydrogen-based Production Process – HYBRIT

SSAAB, LKAB, and Vattenfall has announced pilot program HYBRIT (Hydrogen Breakthrough Iron Technology) is to use hydrogen, produced with electricity from fossil-free Swedish sources

The breakthrough effort aims to move beyond energy coal and coke intensive ‘blast furnace’ techniques towards a method of Direct Reduction that use iron ore pellets (LKAB) and green Hydrogen (Vattenfall).

SSAB aims to cut its CO2 emissions by 25 percent early as 2025, and eliminate most of the remaining CO2 emissions by 2045.  The great global impact would occur if this Direct Reduction technique spread across the global steel industry as a move away from CO2 intensive blast furnace processing.

Slow Pace to Big Change

SSAB’s global output reached 8.8 million tonnes in 2017.  “After building the pilot plant we will run tests between 2020 and 2024 and then we can scale up to a demonstration plant. By 2035 we should have a ready solution for all production,”

SAAB’s pilot plant could cost 1 billion to 2 billion Swedish crowns ($127-$254 million) and its test production would amount to 1 to 2 tonnes of steel per hour.  A demo-plant though would have a capacity of 500,000 tonnes a year





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